Environmental Estrogens are synthetic substances that when absorbed into the body, function similarly to estrogen. E.E.'s are found in so many products that they are difficult to avoid. In plastics their leech easily into plastic wrapped foods as well as in pesticides, detergents, preservatives, carpets, air, etc. E.E.'s are hormone disruptors and are connected to everything from PMS to cancer and reproductive problems in animals even generations after exposure.
They have been found to change genetic material and give the human body the instructions to produce cancer. E.E.'s found in the pesticide DDT, BPA (biphenol A [byproduct in plastic production]), PCB's, dioxins, alkylphenol polyethoxylates (APE's), and phyto-oestrogens (in plants). The Lancet Medical Journal published an editorial in 1995 that claimed the involvement of male infertility among couples that had increased from 10%-25% and increases intesticular cancer.
A 1995 workshop in Copenhagen at the request of the Danish Environmental Protection Agency stated that the effects of E.E.'s might not be known for 20-40 years.The incidence of male reproductive problems appears to be geographically determined with different countries having different decreases in sperm counts. Crytoorchildism appears to be most common in Caucasians than in Nubian-Melaninites and Asians.
Stephen Safe from the University of Texas A&M found E.E.'s in polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons which are in cigarette smoke. E.E.'s are in organochlorines (APE's) compounds estimated at 100,000 tons in Europe and 300,000 tons worldwide. These detergents may accumulate in rivers and sewage plants. A study of APE's in New Jersey drinking water found a concentration of 1 mg/l.At such levels of exposure, John Sumpter and Susan Jobling from the Dept. of Biology and Biochemistry at Brunel University, believe that APE's could have serious consequences on sexual development in male fetuses. A Kepone (used in the pesticide Mirex) spill resulted in lowered sperm count in men exposed to the chemical.
DES (used as a growth stimulate in cattle) was used in 1948 to prevent miscarriages in women. In 1971, it became associated with a rare form of vaginal cancer called clear-cell adenocarcinoma that was detected in some of the adolescent daughters of women who had taken DES. The drug also brought about cellular changes in the vaginas or fallopian tubes of female offspring as well as structural changes in the uterus. DES was the first documented example of a human "transplacental" carcinogen (a chemical when given to the mother, causes cancer in her daughter).
The June 1, 2006 issue of Cancer Research presented the first evidence that the exposure of low doses of E.E.'s during the development of the prostate gland in male fetus may result in a predisposition to prostate cancer later in life.In July 1996, the Clinton Administration announced formation of a panel to investigate involvement of E.E.'s in the onset of male fertility problems. Clair Hicks, a professor of food science at the University of Kentucky and spokesperson for the Institute of Food Technologists stated, "We need to be mindful of these food additives because they could be adding to the total effect of other estrogen mimicking compounds we're coming into contact with."
In a December 2008 study, Italian researchers screened 1,500 food additives using computer modeling software. They identified 13 molecules that could possibly bind with an estrogen receptor which are a group of molecules activated by the hormone.The researchers exposed cells to the 13 food additives, which confirmed that two have estrogen mimicking properties known as xenoestrogens. Propyl gallate is a perservative used to prevent fats and oils from spoiling and can be found in baked goods, shortening, certain meats, candy, fresh pork sausage, mayo, and dried milk. It is considered, "Generally Recognized as Safe" (GRAS) by the FDA, a title given to food additives that do not require approval because they have a proven track record based on either a history of use before 1958 or on published scientific evidence.
Other examples are salt, sugar, spices and vitamins. 4-hexyl resorcinol is used to prevent shrimp, lobsters and other shellfish from discoloring. It was petitioned in 1990 for GRAS status and was still pending in 2009 according to Michael Herndon, an FDA press officer. A 2008 independent advisory board reported the the FDA ignored critical evidence concerning BPS's which could be found in baby bottles and the lining of metal food cans. According to Renee Sharp, Director of the Environmental Working Group's California office, "What we've seen with the FDA's handling of BPA is that it's had its head in the sand. If you look at its assessments, what you see is that it has consistently ignored independent science and consistently used outdated methods in its assessments. EE's can cause a decrease in male sperm count, genetic defects in male infants and extraordinary numbers of testicular cancer among males in the United States. Over 40 different EE's are used in cans, pesticides, baby bottles, CD's, plastic bottles, etc. In females, EE's can affect sexual development in fetus and early onset of puberty. Of the 3,000 additives used in the U.S., only 200 have detailed toxicological information available. The FDA does not require testing of more than 3,000 preservatives, flavorings, colors and other ingredients added to our food. Food additives is a multi-billion dollar industry!
We must learn to protect ourselves, especially the children!!!
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