Save the Nubian male!!! Over 1/3 of Nubian males are unemployed, underemployed, poorly educated, on parole or in prison and have a life expectancy that's 20 years shorter than a white female and 10 years shorter than a Nubian female.
I think this Wiki post is worth investigating:
As of 2001, the likelihood of going to prison in percentages for various demographic groups in the United States.
The criminal stereotype of African Americans in the United States is an ethnic stereotype according to which African American males are stereotyped to be criminal and dangerous. The figure of the African-American man as criminal has appeared frequently in American popular culture and it has been associated with racial profiling by law enforcement.
Research in the United States has revealed a common perception that African-American males are more prone to commit, or more responsible for committing violent crimes in the country. This belief is supported by crime statistics. Per capita, African Americans are much more likely to commit and be arrested for crimes of violence than other racial groups; however, African Americans are significantly more likely to be profiled, arrested, and incarcerated in the US than white suspects who commit similar offenses and have equal or longer criminal records. African-American men are overrepresented in the American prison system; according to numerous sources, African Americans are approximately six times more likely to spend time in prison or jail than whites. An early study by Blumstein, published in 1993, found that in 1979, 80% of the racial disparity in prison populations was accounted for by African Americans committing more crime, but by 2008, another study by Michael Tonry and Matthew Melewski found that this percentage had decreased to 61%. According to research, African Americans receive up to 60% longer federal prison sentences than whites who commit similar offenses, and 20% longer prison sentences than whites who commit the same offenses.Some academic sources state that this is partially due to prosecutors over-charging African American defendants in contrast to white defendants but others say that it is due to them being repeat offenders.
Since the United States was a black slave holding society, slaveholders began to associate African Americans with crime as part of their justification for the institution. Historians have noted that the south historically has had a higher rate of violence than other parts of the country. They attributed this to the traditions of violence to enforce slavery, and actions in the late 19th century after Reconstruction of the white minority blacks trying to dominate African Americans. The rise of drug-related violence and homicides in the inner cities in the 1970s and early 1980s caused people to become more worried about young African American men as "ominous criminal predator", rather than "petty thief", according to Marc Mauer.
While the "black drug user" stereotype is heavily associated with young African Americans, recent studies show that African American young people are less likely to use illegal drugs than other racial groups in the U.S., yet according to the US Department of Justice, blacks accounted for 52.5% of homicide offenders from 1980 to 2008, with whites 45.3% and "Other" 2.2%. The offending rate for blacks was almost 8 times higher than whites while blacks account for less than 15% of people living in the United States. There is evidence whites overestimate the differences between the rates at which whites and blacks commit some crimes. A 2012 study found that white Americans overestimated the percent of burglaries, illegal drug sales, and juvenile crimes committed by blacks by between 6.6 and 9.5 percentage points.
Katheryn Russell-Brown in her book The Color of Crime: Racial Hoaxes, White Fear, Black Protectionism, Police Harassment and Other Macroaggressions (1998) refers to the stereotype as the "criminal black man", because people associate young black men with crime in American culture. She writes that the black male is portrayed as a "symbolic pillager of all that is good". Russell-Brown refers to the criminal black man as a myth and suggests that the stereotype contributes to "racial hoaxes". She defines these as "when someone fabricates a crime and blames it on another person because of his race OR when an actual crime has been committed and the perpetrator falsely blames someone because of his race". Stuart Henry and Mark Lanier in What Is Crime?: Controversies Over the Nature of Crime and What to Do about It (2001) refer to the criminal black man as a "mythlike race/gender image of deviance".
Linda G. Tucker in Lockstep and Dance: Images of Black Men in Popular Culture (2007) argues that the representations in popular culture of criminal African American men help perpetuate the image. She writes that the portrayal of crime by conservative politicians during heated campaigns is used as a metaphor for race: they have recast fears about race as fears about crime. For instance, Republican opponents of Dukakis used the case of Willie Horton to attack the Democrat's stand on law enforcement, suggesting that people would be safer if led by Republicans. She says that such politicians used Horton as a collective symbol of African American male criminality.
The criminal African American man appears often in the context of athletics and sports. Arthur A. Raney and Jennings Bryant discuss this in Handbook of Sports and Media (2006). They cite Beyond the Cheers: Race as Spectacle in College Sport (2001) by C. Richard King and Charles Fruehling Springwood, which examines the connection between race, crime, and sports. They study the ways in which "criminality indelibly marks the African American athlete". Raney and Bryant says coverage and reception of accusations of crimes by sportspeople differed depending on the race of the individual.
John Milton Hoberman in Darwin's Athletes: How Sport Has Damaged Black America and Preserved the Myth of Race (1997) blames entertainment and advertising industries for propagating the negative stereotypes, namely, for "the merger of the athlete, the gangster rapper, and the criminal into a single black male persona ... into the predominant image of black masculinity in the United States and around the world", which has harmed racial integration.
Jump up^ Gabbidon, Shaun L. (ed.); Greene, Helen Taylor (ed.); Young, Vernetta D. (ed.). (2001). African American Classics in Criminology and Criminal Justice. SAGE Publications. p. 349. ISBN 978-0-7619-2433-3.Jump up^ Edles, Laura Desfor (2002). Cultural Sociology in Practice. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-631-21090-0.Jump up^ Tucker, p. 4.Jump up^ Vera, Harnan; Feagin, Joe R. (2007). Handbook of the Sociology of Racial and Ethnic Relations. Springer. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-387-70844-7.Jump up^ Russell-Brown, p. 77.^ Jump up to:a b Welch, p. 276.Jump up^ Welch, p. 278.Jump up^ "Does Abortion Prevent Crime?". Slate.com. Retrieved 24 February 2015.Jump up^ Glater, Jonathan D. (October 7, 2007). "Race Gap: Crime vs. Punishment". New York Times.Jump up^ "Racial Disparity in Sentencing" (PDF). Sentencingproject.org. Retrieved 2013-08-18.Jump up^ "FBI — Table 43". Fbi.gov. Retrieved 2015-02-24.Jump up^ Mauer, M. (19 August 2011). "Addressing Racial Disparities in Incarceration". The Prison Journal. 91 (3 Suppl): 87S–101S. doi:10.1177/0032885511415227.Jump up^ "Top Stories - Black Americans Given Longer Sentences than White Americans for Same Crimes - AllGov - News". AllGov. 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2015-02-24.Jump up^ "Controversies - Prison Sentences for Black Men Are 20% Longer Than Those for White Men for Same Crimes - AllGov - News". AllGov. 2013-02-20. Retrieved 2015-02-24.Jump up^ "Program in Law & Economics Working Paper Series" (PDF). Fjc.gov. Retrieved 2013-08-18.Jump up^ Szalavitz, Maia (2011-11-07). "Study: Whites More Likely to Abuse Drugs Than Blacks | TIME.com". Healthland.time.com. Retrieved 2015-02-24.Jump up^ "Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008" (PDF). p. 3.Jump up^ Cooper, Alexia (2012). Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008. p. 3. ISBN 1249573246.Jump up^ "Homicides Fall to Lowest Rate in Four Decades".Jump up^ PICKETT, JUSTIN T.; CHIRICOS, TED; GOLDEN, KRISTIN M.; GERTZ, MARC (February 2012). "RECONSIDERING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERCEIVED NEIGHBORHOOD RACIAL COMPOSITION AND WHITES' PERCEPTIONS OF VICTIMIZATION RISK: DO RACIAL STEREOTYPES MATTER?*". Criminology. 50 (1): 145–186. doi:10.1111/j.1745-9125.2011.00255.x.Jump up^ Russell-Brown, p. 84.Jump up^ Russell-Brown, p. 114.Jump up^ See, Letha A. Lee (2001). Violence as Seen Through a Prism of Color. Haworth Press. p. 14. ISBN 0-7890-1393-2Jump up^
Russell-Brown, pp. 70–71.Jump up^ Henry, Stuart; Lanier, Mark. (2001). What Is Crime?: Controversies Over the Nature of Crime and What to Do about It. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 159. ISBN 0-8476-9807-6.Jump up^ Tucker, p. 5.Jump up^ Tucker, p. 8.Jump up^ Tucker, pp. 8–9.Jump up^ Beyond the Cheers: Race as Spectacle in College Sport - C. Richard King, Charles Fruehling Springwood - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-02-24.Jump up^ Raney, Arthur A.; Bryant, Jennings. (2006). Handbook of Sports and Media. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. p. 531. ISBN 0-8058-5189-5.Jump up^ Hoberman, John Milton (1997). Darwin's Athletes: How Sport Has Damaged Black America and Preserved the Myth of Race. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. xxvii. ISBN 0-395-82292-0.
Men, what are we going to do about this situation?
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